Faction is recorded per account and can only be kept up to a limited cap, initially 10,000 faction. Once the cap is met the account stops earning faction. The cap may be increased by gaining ranks in the Gladiator, Hero, Champion, Commander or Codex title tracks.
Maximum faction cap is 250,000 = 10,000 (initial) + 60,000 (max Gladiator) + 60,000 (max Hero) + 60,000 (max Champion) + 60,000 (max Commander or max Codex).
You can see how much faction you have towards your cap by viewing the Hero panel. By hovering the mouse pointer over the faction bar you can see how much faction you have earned — this total does not include any faction you may have earned while at the faction cap.
 Earning faction
Each of the different PvP types offered in Guild Wars has different faction rewards for unique kill and victory. Additional faction is awarded for flawless and, in some cases, consecutive victories.
|PvP Arena||Unique kill||Victory||Flawless victory||5 consecutive||Notes|
Shing Jea Arena
|10||10||10||10||Your character must be between levels 1 and 10 to enter.|
|Shiverpeak Arena||20||20||20||20||Your character must be between levels 1 and 15 to enter.|
|40||50||50||50||Your character must be level 20 to enter.|
|Heroes' Ascent||40||200 to 800||200||-||Your character must be level 20 to enter. Reward depends on the map, early maps award 200 faction, later maps (the so called "Gold Maps") 400, and the Hall of Heroes awards 800 faction for victory.|
|Guild versus Guild||40||1,000 to 4,000||200 to 800||-||Your character must be level 20 to enter. Actual reward depends on guild rating, the minimum given at rating 1,000, the maximum at rating 1,600.|
|Competitive Mission||10||-||-||-||Your character must be level 20 to enter. Faction is given per kill not unique kill. You can also exchange 3 Imperial faction for 1 Balthazar.|
|Alliance battle||20||-||-||-||Your character must be level 20 to enter. Faction is given per kill not unique kill. You can also exchange 3 Imperial faction for 1 Balthazar.|
|40||50||50||50 (only possible in Zaishen Elite)||The faction earned from these arenas is capped: only 2,000 faction may be earned from the Training Arenas and/or Zaishen Challenge combined, and only 6,000 faction (only 4,000 if 2,000 has already been earned from Training Arenas and/or Zaishen Challenge) from the Zaishen Elite each 24 hours.|
|Dragon Arena||40||50||50||50||Only during the Anniversary Celebration, Canthan New Year, and Dragon Festival.|
|Rollerbeetle Racing||-||50||50||50||Only during the Anniversary Celebration, Canthan New Year, and Dragon Festival. First place counts as a flawless victory, second place or worse counts as a loss.|
|Costume Brawl||40||5 per point||-||?||Halloween only. Both teams are also awarded 20 faction per point scored.|
|Dwayna Vs Grenth||100||50||50||50||Wintersday and Wintersday in July only.|
|Dwayna Vs Grenth (automated tournament)||40||1,000 to 4,000||200 to 800||-||Wintersday only.|
There are also two tradeable items that award Balthazar faction when used:
 Spending faction
Faction can be spent to obtain the following:
Faction can also be spent to unlock heroes, certain items, skills, and charmable animals.
- "You have reached perfection in the eyes of Balthazar" is the note you receive after reaching your total unspent faction cap. (You do not receive any message for reaching the daily cap from Training Arena, Zaishen Challenge or Zaishen Elite.)
- After intense player feedback, faction was added to the game in June 2005 to allow PvP players to unlock skills without engaging in PvE play. Many game updates have since altered the rate and the sources for earning faction.
- Balthazar is the god of war and fire in Guild Wars.